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Understanding Women’s Health and Gynecology

Gynecology deals with women’s health specifically involving the anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system which includes the vagina, uterus ovaries and the breasts, along with its diagnosis, treatment and management. Almost all modern gynecologist are also practicing obstetrics, because both overlap each other, wherein obstetricians deals with the care and management of maternal health involving childbirth. Gynecology comprises both medical and surgical fields, wherein gynecological illnesses require hormonal and pharmacological management, as well as surgical intervention.

Some of the common conditions that gynecologists deal with are infections and cancer of the ovaries, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina and vulva, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, urine incontinence, infertility, menorrhagia, pelvic organ prolapse, and other vaginal diseases. Gynecologist perform different diagnostic and therapeutic procedures such as hysterectomy, removal of ovary and uterus, uterine cone biopsies, colposcopy, hysteroscopy, ultrasound of reproductive organs, Pap smears, laparoscopy, diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases, urinary incontinence, and menstrual problems.

Pap smear is a screening procedure regularly performed by gynecologists to identify cervical precancerous or cancerous cells in the uterine opening. Pap smear doesn’t hurt but it might be uncomfortable. Pap test is recommended for women who are sexually active and those over age 18 regardless if they are sexually active or not. Gynecologist advise women to undergo Pap smear at least one every year, though risk factors, age and past Pap smear results may vary the frequency.
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Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure performed in managing serious conditions such as cancer of the cervix, ovaries, uterus of endometrium, that involves the removal of uterus and cervix. The two types of hysterectomy are partial and complete hysterectomy. A laparoscopic hysterectomy requires two to three days hospital stay, with a recovery period of one to two weeks, whereas an abdominal hysterectomy may take a longer time because the recovery is usually four to six weeks.
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Dysmenorrhea refers to painful cramps that occur right before or during menstruation. It is one of the most common cause why women seek for medical consultation. The two types of dysmenorrhea are primary and secondary dysmenorrhea, wherein primary dysmenorrhea usually lasts one to three days from the onset of menstruation, whereas secondary dysmenorrhea is a pain caused by disorders of a woman’s reproductive system.

A woman’s reproductive system is vast and complex, and only an expert gynecologist can rule out diseases or disorders that cause a particular gynecological symptom. If you have problems with your reproductive system, do not hesitate to consult the expertise of a gynecologist to help you with the diagnosis and treatment uniquely for you. The primary aim of a gynecologist is to help women preserve reproductive system health, and find means to treat reproductive system diseases and disorders through medical and surgical intervention.